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The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare MachineImmigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden$
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Carly Elizabeth Schall

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780801456671

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801456671.001.0001

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1928–1932: Ethnic Nation and Social Democratic Consolidation

1928–1932: Ethnic Nation and Social Democratic Consolidation

(p.33) Chapter 1 1928–1932: Ethnic Nation and Social Democratic Consolidation
The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine

Carly Elizabeth Schall

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the process by which Sweden's Social Democratic Party (Socialdemokratiska Arbetarpartiet, or SAP) became a national party, and how it began to position itself as the architect of the welfare state. SAP drew on ethnic, civic, and mixed ethnic-civic definitions of the Swedish nation, which represented a strategy to solve a potential crisis for the Social Democrats in a context where they were balancing national and class interests. The party aimed to establish the Swedishness of the nation on partially ethnic grounds, but this strategy turned out to be expansive as a context where ethnicity is more—not less—inclusive than class categories. The party achieved success by providing a set of highly resonant conceptions of the nation, but these were conceptions that privileged SAP and their ideas about the social system.

Keywords:   Social Democratic Party, SAP, Socialdemokratiska Arbetarpartiet, Swedish nation, Social Democrats, class categories, social system, ethnicity

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