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The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare MachineImmigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden$
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Carly Elizabeth Schall

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780801456671

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801456671.001.0001

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1991–1995: People’s Home No Longer?

1991–1995: People’s Home No Longer?

The Breakdown of the Miraculous Welfare Machine

(p.122) Chapter 4 1991–1995: People’s Home No Longer?
The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine

Carly Elizabeth Schall

Cornell University Press

This chapter looks at the breakdown of consensus on both the welfare state and consequently the social-democratic hegemony. It examines three general orientations to the welfare state: an anti-Swedish model view, most clearly expressed by the newly successful Conservative party that called for sweeping privatization and drastic cuts in the public sector; a reformist view that accepted the basic values and goals of the Swedish model, but which demanded far-ranging changes, including a reduction in the public sector, a greater focus on economic stimulus, and, most importantly, a switch to a “basic security” over the “income-maintenance model” that had thus far prevailed; and a preservationist view, which wished to maintain the Swedish model in its current form, making only superficial changes.

Keywords:   welfare state, social-democratic hegemony, welfare-state consensus, Swedish model, privatization, basic security model, income-maintenance model

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