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The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare MachineImmigration and Social Democracy in Twentieth-Century Sweden$
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Carly Elizabeth Schall

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780801456671

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801456671.001.0001

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1991–1995: People’s Home No Longer?

1991–1995: People’s Home No Longer?

The Breakdown of the Miraculous Welfare Machine

Chapter:
(p.122) Chapter 4 1991–1995: People’s Home No Longer?
Source:
The Rise and Fall of the Miraculous Welfare Machine
Author(s):

Carly Elizabeth Schall

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780801456671.003.0006

This chapter looks at the breakdown of consensus on both the welfare state and consequently the social-democratic hegemony. It examines three general orientations to the welfare state: an anti-Swedish model view, most clearly expressed by the newly successful Conservative party that called for sweeping privatization and drastic cuts in the public sector; a reformist view that accepted the basic values and goals of the Swedish model, but which demanded far-ranging changes, including a reduction in the public sector, a greater focus on economic stimulus, and, most importantly, a switch to a “basic security” over the “income-maintenance model” that had thus far prevailed; and a preservationist view, which wished to maintain the Swedish model in its current form, making only superficial changes.

Keywords:   welfare state, social-democratic hegemony, welfare-state consensus, Swedish model, privatization, basic security model, income-maintenance model

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