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The World of Northern Evergreens$
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E. C. Pielou

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780801477409

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9780801477409.001.0001

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Identifying the Conifers

Identifying the Conifers

(p.7) Chapter 2 Identifying the Conifers
The World of Northern Evergreens

E. C. Pielou

Cornell University Press

The chapter considers the various groups of conifers and how they can be told apart. It begins with some brief remarks about the naming of plants. The English names of the various groups of conifers are familiar to most people: the pines, the spruces, the firs, and so on. Each group is known as a “genus” (plural, “genera”), and belonging to each genus are one or more “species,” the members of the genus. The scientific Latin name for every species of living organism is made up of two words, beginning with the name of the genus, e.g. lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) and red pine (Pinus resinosa). The remainder of the chapter discusses the ten genera of conifers in the study area; the identification of the species in each genus; and conifer families (the Pinaceae, the Cupressaceae, and the Taxaceae).

Keywords:   pine trees, northern forests, evergreen conifers, plant names, conifer families, genus

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