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The Image of Christ in Russian Literature – Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Bulgakov, Pasternak - Cornell Scholarship Online
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The Image of Christ in Russian Literature: Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Bulgakov, Pasternak

John Givens


Vladimir Nabokov complained about the number of Dostoevsky's characters “sinning their way to Jesus.” In truth, Christ is an elusive figure not only in Dostoevsky's novels, but in Russian literature as a whole. The rise of the historical critical method of biblical criticism in the nineteenth century and the growth of secularism it stimulated made an earnest affirmation of Jesus in literature highly problematic. The writers at the heart of this book understood that to reimage Christ for their age, they had to make him known through indirect, even negative ways, lest what they say about him be ... More

Keywords: Fyodor Dostoevsky, Jesus Christ, Russian literature, biblical criticism, secularism, atheism, apophaticism, Russian Christ, Orthodox Christianity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2021 Print ISBN-13: 9780875807799
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2022 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9780875807799.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

John Givens, author
University of Rochester