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Petrarchism at WorkContextual Economies in the Age of Shakespeare$

William J. Kennedy

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700019

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700019.001.0001

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(p.327) Index

(p.327) Index

Source:
Petrarchism at Work
Publisher:
Cornell University Press
Adorno, Theodor W., 7–8
Ahl, Fred, 10n28
Alduy, Cécile, 20n53, 137n9, 138n12, 151n31, 158n17, 177n8, 180n16
Allen, Michael J. B., 3n4
amateurs, 7–8, 25;
and Ronsard, 158;
and Stampa 84
Antoninus of Florence, Saint, 41
Antonio da Tempo, commentary on Petrarch, 231
Ariosto, Ludovico, 12, 22
—career, 154–58
—editions and commentaries:
by Dolce 167;
by Fausto da Longiano, 155, 157;
by Fórnari, 155–56, 162–63;
by Pigna, 93, 156;
by Ruscelli, 156
—French translations:
anonymous, 157;
by Desportes, 198–99
—habits of revision, 155–57, 162–63, 166
—impact upon Shakespeare, 244;
upon Stampa, 93
Orlando Furioso:
Alcina episode (canto 7), 162–65;
battles with the orc (cantos 11–12), 170;
Bradamante’s laments (cantos 32, 37, 44), 166–67;
canto 45, 167–68;
Olimpia episode (cantos 9–11), 165–66
Rime:
in Giolito’s anthology, 157–60;
sonnet 27, 160–62
Aristotle, 2–3, 85;
and Aquinas, 40–41;
and Castelvetro, 11, 72–73;
and Petrarch, 37–39, 53–54;
and Ronsard, 178, 199n8, 208;
and Sidney, 256;
paraphrase by William of Moerbecke, 53. See also craftsmanship and skill
Ascoli, Albert, 54n45, 169n43
Augustine, Saint, 2–3, 47–48;
readings in bono and in malo, 15–16
Baïf, Jean-Antoine de, 20, 198
Belleau, Remy:
commentary on Ronsard, 173, 179, 180, 182, 185
Bembo, Pietro:
and Della Casa, 73–74;
discussion of Petrarch, 65, 72–73, 76–77, 79, 154, 156
Bernardino of Siena, Saint, 41
Bible
Book of Revelation 7: 8 in Shakespeare and Jonson, 274
Epistle to the Romans 5:20 in Michelangelo, 108–10;
in Ronsard, 165–66
Matthew 8:26 in Petrarch and Ronsard, 211
Psalms 17 in Petrarch and Michelangelo, 107
Psalms 22 in Michelangelo, 118–19
Binet, Claude:
biography of Ronsard, 134–35, 146–47, 193
Biow, Douglas, 14n36, 60n10, 112n24
Black Death and the economy, 39–40
Boaistuau, Pierre, 205
Bodin, Jean, 19, 23–25, 171–76
book-trade, 7, 25, 313–15;
and Ariosto, 155–56;
and Ronsard, 134, 176–77;
and Shakespeare, 221–22, 224, 265;
and Stampa, 86. See also Giolito
Brucioli, Antonio:
commentary on Petrarch, 88, 92n35, 94, 228;
influence on Michelangelo, 103–4, 109–10, 115, 117–18
Budé, Guillaume, 17–18, 24
Castelvetro, Lodovico, 11–12;
commentary on Aristotle’s Poetics, 11–12, 72–73;
commentary on Petrarch, 95, 213, 227
Cavalcanti, Guido, 45
Celenza, Christopher, 3n4, 75n29
(p.328) Cheney, Patrick, 26n67, 223nn14, 17, 259n26, 267n7, 272n11, 276n16, 297n21
Chiaro Davanzati, 42;
poems in Codex Vaticana 3793, 43, 46, 49, 57, 67–68
Colonna, Vittoria, 14–15, 101–3, 111, 121–26;
sonnets 42 and 68, 124
commerce, 1, 12–13
commissions and consignments, 186–87, 190–91, 200–201, 207
commutative justice, 4, 116, 143–45
Conti, Natale, 149
Correll, Barbara, 30n84
craftsmanship and skill, 2, 321;
and Petrarch, 10, 46–49, 63, 66, 72;
and Michelangelo, 102, 115–16, 122, 125;
and Ronsard, 134, 136, 143, 145, 155, 162, 173;
and Shakespeare, 236, 245, 248, 256, 259, 261;
and Stampa, 85, 99
credit, 24–25;
and Petrarch, 70;
and Ronsard, 137, 143–45, 169, 177–78
Culler, Jonathan, 8n11, 11n31, 26n68
Daniel, Samuel, 20, 221, 272–73, 314, 316
Daniello, Bernardino:
commentary on Petrarch, 148, 211, 227, 250, 296n20, 299n24;
model for Du Bellay, 166
Dante Alighieri:
Inferno 9.63, 53;
Inferno 25.9, 52;
Paradiso 29.91, 123;
Purgatorio 24.51–53, 62, 69;
Vita nuova poem 15, 45
debasement of coin and value, 17–18, 24–25, 40–41, 113–14, 174–75
De Coste, Mary, 161n24
deferred action in Michelangelo, 102–3, 110–11, 114, 116, 123
Della Casa, Giovanni, 73–75, 76
DellaNeva, JoAnn, 72n25, 76n1, 159n19, 160n21, 166n37
Denisot, Nicholas, 140, 158
De Ridder-Vignone, Antonio, 166n38
Desportes, Philippe, 198–202, 212–13;
and Ariosto, 199;
epigram “Je t’apporte,” 209–10, 317;
Les Amours de Diane, 200–201, 206–7;
Les Amours de Hippolite, 205–6;
Ronsard’s elegy to Desportes, 202
distributive justice, 2–3, 6, 143–44
Domenichi, Lodovico, 159
Drayton, Michael, 221, 237–38, 246, 314–17
Du Bellay, Joachim, 20, 291;
and Ronsard, 136, 153, 157, 164, 166–68, 173, 182;
and Spenser, 254, 291–93, 302, 306–7
Dubrow, Heather, 221n6, 244n4, 259n26
Du Moulin, Charles, 18–19, 24, 144–45
entrepreneurship, 7–8, 313, 317;
and Michelangelo, 105, 137, 143;
and Petrarch, 39–40, 54;
and Ronsard, 20–22, 137, 143, 172, 175–77, 202;
and Shakespeare, 26–28, 31–32, 39, 220–21, 245–46;
and Stampa, 86
exchange economy and exchange value, 3–8, 14, 24–25, 314;
and Michelangelo, 114–16, 125–26, 129;
and Petrarch, 39–41, 59;
Ronsard, 145–47, 170, 175–76;
and Shakespeare 246, 251–52, 254–58, 268, 254;
and Stampa, 86, 94
fair wage, 6
Fausto da Longiano:
commentary on Ariosto, 155, 157n12;
on Petrarch, 231, 296
Ficino, Marsilio, 3, 38
Field, Richard, Elizabethan printer, 25n3, 265n3
Filelfo, Francesco:
commentary on Petrarch, 146
Fórnari, Simone:
commentary on Ariosto, 155–56, 162–63
Freud, Sigmund, 102n7
furor, fureur, 2, 11, 321;
in Castelvetro, 11;
in Michelangelo, 85, 111–12, 114–16;
in Petrarch, 10, 37–39, 63–64, 66, 72;
in Shakespeare, 236, 238, 245–48, 256–57, 259, 268, 272, 292, 294–96;
in Stampa, 85
Galvez, Marisa, 39n6
Garzoni, Tommaso, 12
Gelli, Giovanni Battista, 35–38, 136
Gesualdo, Giovanni Andrea:
commentary on Petrarch, 62n12;
influence on Ronsard, 148, 182–83, 191, 194, 206;
and Shakespeare, 227–28, 231, 250n11, 277n18, 296;
and Stampa, 84–85, 88, 96n37, 97n39
gifts and gift economy, 2, 6, 7, 314, 321;
and Michelangelo, 14–15, 101–3, 111–14, 124–28;
and Ronsard, 145
Giolito, Gabriel, 76;
and Ariosto, 155, 157–60;
and Daniello, 166;
and Della Casa, 74;
and Du Bellay, 166;
and Ronsard, 155, 159, 166;
and Stampa, 76–77, 84, 86, 90
(p.329) Greene, Robert, 26–27, 222–23, 249, 255
Greene, Roland, 28n77, 54n45, 144n20
Greene, Thomas M., 28n73, 281n23
Guittone d’Arezzo, 42;
poems in Codex Vaticana 3793, 43, 57–59, 64–66
Hampton, Timothy, 17n45, 18n49, 169n46, 283n25
hermeneutic, 1, 14–17, 28
Holmes, Olivia, 39n6, 44n27, 57n3
homo economicus, 3, 9;
Petrarch as, 35ff;
Michelangelo as, 125;
Ronsard as, 138, 143, 148, 157, 173;
Shakespeare as, 246, 252, 283–84, 307
homo litterarum, 9;
Petrarch as, 54;
Shakespeare as, 246, 252, 284
Horace, 2, 4, 194–95;
Epistle 2.3, 38–39, 67;
Ode 2.20, 139;
Howard, Henry, Earl of Surrey, 260
Howie, Cary, 231n28
humanist commentaries:
on Ariosto, 93, 155–60, 162–63;
on Ronsard (see Binet; Belleau; Mure)
Imus, Ashleigh, 71n23
in bono and in malo:
in Saint Augustine, 15–16;
in Michelangelo, 15–16, 30, 103–6, 111–12, 118, 127–28, 321;
in Rabelais, 145;
in Shakespeare, 227
inflation, 17–19, 24, 59, 174–76, 257
institutional groups and associations, 6–7, 9, 13–14, 314, 321;
and Ronsard, 20;
and Shakespeare, 27, 29;
and Petrarch, 9, 54. See also academies; salon culture
interest, 18–19, 24, 143–45, 251–52, 318;
and self-interest, 9, 232, 313, 318–19
investment, 20, 318;
in Michelangelo, 20;
in Petrarch, 40;
in Ronsard, 134, 137, 143, 145, 202;
in Shakespeare, 232, 248, 251, 269, 287, 297
Jodelle, Etienne, 20
Jonson, Ben, 26, 29, 223, 264–66, 274–75, 278–80;
Poetaster, 266;
Tribe of Ben, 274–75
Jossa, Stefano, 167n40
just price, 4, 6, 40–41, 145
Kalas, Rayna, 236n35
Kant, Immanuel, 6
Kaske, Carol V., 16n43, 238n42
Kirkham, Victoria, 9–10n27
Kritzman, Lawrence, 160n23, 165n36, 181n17
labor and labor theory of value, 3, 6, 8–11, 14–15;
and Castelvetro, 11;
and Drayton, 316;
and Garzoni, 12;
and Michelangelo, 104–5, 114–17, 119–20;
and Petrarch, 10, 37–42, 54–56, 59, 62–64, 66–67, 73–75;
and Ronsard, 22, 134–35, 139, 151–52, 173, 175, 179, 182, 185, 189, 193, 211;
and Shakespeare, 252, 256, 272, 289, 297–99
Langer, Ullrich, 4n6, 11n31, 146n26, 150n30, 179n14, 188n25, 202n18
Logan, Marie-Rose, 18n48
Long, Kathleen, 181n17
Looney, Dennis, 154n1
Lorenz, Philip, 30n84
Malherbe, François de, 317–18
Malynes, Gerard de, 24–25
Mann, Jenny, 230n27
Marino, Giambattista, 318–19
markets and marketplaces, 3, 6–7;
and Garzoni, 12;
and Michelangelo, 16–17;
and Petrarch, 41–42;
and Ronsard, 145, 215;
and Shakespeare, 28, 31, 246, 252, 256, 268. See also book-trade
Martini, Simone, poems about:
in Petrarch, 35–39, 62–63, 66;
and Marino, 318;
and Ronsard, 136, 149–50, 158–59, 190–91;
and Michelangelo, 114–16, 122–24;
and Stampa, 85–86
Medusa, figure of:
in Petrarch, 45–53, 228–29;
in Ronsard, 141–42, 181–82;
in Shakespeare, 228–29;
in Stampa, 89–92
merchants and mercantilism, 1, 6, 23, 28;
in Florence, 100, 129;
and Michelangelo, 100, 129;
and Montaigne, 201;
and Petrarch, 42, 54, 69–72;
and Ronsard, 135, 169, 190, 198;
and Shakespeare, 38, 31, 220, 255–56, 268, 286, 297;
and Stampa, 13, 77, 80, 83, 87–89;
in Venice, 79–80, 83–84, 88–89
Mercury, 1;
in Garzoni, 12;
and hermeneutics, 15–17, 28;
and merx ‘merchant’, 2, 28;
and merci ‘thanks’, 2;
and mercy, 2, 28;
in Michelangelo’s Archers Shooting, 15–17;
in Ronsard, 19, 188–90;
in Shakespeare, 28–30;
in Stampa, 13
(p.330) métier, mestiere, mystery:
Michelangelo Buonarroti, 5–6, 14–17, 314, 321
—ancestry, 100–101
—drawings:
Archers Shooting, 15–17, 103–4, 117;
Christ on the Cross, 122–23;
Ganymede, 15, 103, 111–12;
Phaethon, 15, 103, 112;
Pieta, 122–23;
Tityus, 15, 103, 112;
—friends:
Brucioli, 101, 107n17, 109–10, 115, 117–18;
Condivi, 100;
Ghirlandaio, 101;
Luigi del Riccio, 105;
Tommaso de’ Cavalieri, 14–15, 101, 105–6, 108–21;
Vittoria Colonna, 14, 101–2, 123–26, 129
—gift-giving, 101–2, 111–14, 124–27
Michelangelo’s poems:
madrigal 130, 120;
sonnet 58, 106–7;
sonnet 61, 107, 118;
sonnet 62, 107–8, 118;
sonnet 72, 108–11;
sonnet 74, 111;
sonnet 77, 111;
sonnet 79, 112–14;
sonnet 82, 114–16;
sonnet 90, 116–17;
sonnet 94, 117–20;
sonnet 151, 122–24;
sonnet 159, 124–25;
sonnet 230, 120;
sonnet 259, 120–21;
sonnet 260, 121;
sonnet 285, 126–27;
sonnet 288, 128–29
Migiel, Marilyn, 42n16
Monfasani, John, 3n4
Montaigne, Pierre Eyquem de, 201–2, 214–15, 251n12
Monte Andrea, 42;
poems in Codex Vaticana 3793, 43, 46, 56–57, 66
Muret, Marc-Antoine:
commentary on Ronsard, 134, 140–42, 146–47, 150, 162, 164, 172, 179
Najemy, John, 105n13
Noël du Fail, 175
Olivi, Pietro, 4
Oresme, Nicholas, 40–41
Ovidius Naso, Publius, Metamorphoses 2.227, 168, 305–6;
Metamorphoses 4.781, 51, 56–57, 85n27, 134
Parabosco, Girolamo, 81–83
Parker, Deborah, 102n5, 108n18
Pastor, Joel, 69n22
patrons and patronage, 7, 9;
and Castelvetro, 73;
and Della Casa, 74;
and Garzoni, 12;
and Michelangelo, 14–15, 101–3, 125–26;
and Petrarch, 9, 39n5, 68;
and Shakespeare, 221, 243, 245, 254, 273–74;
and Stampa, 13–14, 80–84, 92
Peletier du Mans, Jacques, 157, 160n22, 171
Petrarch, Francesco, 2–3, 9–11, 313–14, 321
—affinity with Plato, 35–37, 53–54, 59
—and Aristotle, 37–39, 53–54
—benefices, 9
—family name, 50, 53
—friends:
Azzo da Correggio, 9, 43n24, 44n28;
Geri Gianfigliazzi, 45–48;
Pandolfo Malatesta, 9;
Sennuccio del Bene, 48–49;
Simone Martini, 35–38, 62, 66;
Tommaso Bombasi, 68–69
—manuscripts:
Chigi, 43, 65–69, 72;
Vat. Lat. 3195, 43–45;
Vat. Lat. 3196, 10, 35, 43–47, 55–59, 61, 63
Petrarch’s poems:
Africa, 146–48, 213–14;
Rime estravaganti poem 4, 44–45;
poem 11, 48;
poem 12, 48–49;
Rime sparse canzone 23, 55–58;
canzone 360, 68;
sonnet 77, 35–37, 63, 66;
sonnet 78, 37–39, 62, 66;
sonnet 90, 49;
sonnet 152, 58–59;
sonnet 154, 62;
sonnet 159, 36, 59–60, 62;
sonnet 179, 45–48;
sonnet 188, 61;
sonnets 192 and 193, 61–63;
sonnet 197, 49–53;
sonnet 248, 62–63;
sonnet 291, 65;
sonnet 293, 66–67;
sonnets 300–304, 67–68;
sonnet 303, 68–72
Petrarch’s poems as models
—sonnet 1:
and Michelangelo, 125;
and Ronsard, 208;
and Stampa, 81–82
—sonnet 12:
and Ronsard, 208
—sonnet 16:
and Sidney, 303n30
—sonnet 20:
and Ronsard, 146
—sonnet 35:
and Ronsard, 148–51, 197, 203–4
—sonnet 42:
and Ronsard, 160
—sonnets 77 and 78:
and Marino, 318;
and Michelangelo 114–16, 122–24;
and Ronsard, 136, 149–50, 158–59, 190–91;
and Stampa, 85–86
—sonnet 84:
and Shakespeare, 231
—sonnet 92:
and Stampa, 86–87
—sonnet 97:
and Ronsard, 213–14
—sonnet 122:
and Ronsard, 171–72
—sonnet 131:
and Shakespeare, 226, 228–29
—sonnet 145:
and Stampa, 87–89
—sonnets 151 and 152:
and Ronsard, 184–85
—sonnet 155:
and Ronsard, 237
(p.331) —sonnet 164:
and Michelangelo, 103–4;
and Sidney, 299
—sonnet 167:
and Shakespeare, 226–27
—sonnet 169:
and Sidney, 295–96
—sonnet 174:
and Ronsard, 182–84
—sonnet 176:
and Shakespeare, 276
—sonnet 179:
and Stampa, 89–92
—sonnets 186 and 187:
and Ronsard, 212–13
—sonnet 189:
and Michelangelo, 127–28
—sonnet 192:
and Ronsard, 206–7
—sonnet 193:
and Ronsard, 203–4
—sonnet 196:
and Ronsard, 160–61
—sonnet 197:
and Stampa, 91
—sonnets 199 and 200:
and Michelangelo, 117–20
—sonnet 224:
and Ronsard, 180–81
—sonnet 231:
and Ronsard, 182
—sonnet 234:
and Stampa, 94–95
—sonnet 236:
and Ronsard, 202–3
—sonnet 241:
and Michelangelo, 110–11
—sonnet 247:
and Ronsard, 194–95, 204
—sonnet 248:
and Drayton, 315–16;
and Ronsard, 137, 194, 204;
and Shakespeare, 245–48, 250, 269–71, 290–92
—sonnet 267:
and Shakespeare, 271
—sonnet 287:
and Ronsard, 168
—sonnet 296:
and Ronsard, 182–84
—sonnet 308:
and Ronsard, 191
—sonnet 310:
and Ronsard, 205;
and Stampa, 96–98;
and Shakespeare, 260–62
—sonnet 316:
and Ronsard, 205
—sonnet 321:
and Michelangelo, 107
—sonnet 342:
and Ronsard, 191–92
—sonnet 349:
and Michelangelo, 109
—sonnet 364:
and Michelangelo, 128
Pigna (Giovanni Battista Nicolucci):
on Ariosto, 93, 156
Plato:
and Petrarch, 35–37, 53–54, 59;
and Ronsard, 164, 208. See also furor and fureur
Prescott, Anne, 25n63, 221 nn5,9, 267n8
profession and professionalism, 2, 4–8;
and Ariosto, 156, 161;
and Castelvetro, 11–12;
and Garzoni, 12–13;
and Malherbe, 318;
and Michelangelo, 5, 15, 101, 105, 114–16, 122–23, 126–27;
and Petrarch, 2–3, 41–42, 47–50;
and Quevedo, 319;
and Ronsard, 21–22, 135–37, 139, 143, 156, 186, 201, 209, 214, 321;
and Shakespeare, 29–30, 226, 244, 249, 251–52, 268, 272–73, 284, 286, 321–22;
and Stampa, 83–84, 89, 99, 321
property and possession, 4, 31–32;
and Shakespeare, 224, 228, 238–42, 258, 267, 282, 310–11
quantity theory of money, 175–77, 187
Quevedo, Francisco de, 319–21
Rabelais, François:
Gargantua, 188–89;
Quart Livre, 145, 188;
Tiers Livre, 143–44, 152n33, 166, 174–75
Rebhorn, Wayne, 3n5
rent and rentier society:
in Michelangelo, 100, 129;
in Ronsard 20, 22–23, 100, 201;
in Shakespeare, 282–83
revision, 8;
in Ariosto, 155–57, 162–63, 166;
in Michelangelo, 106–7, 108–9, 115–16;
in Petrarch, 10, 43–44, 49–53, 67;
in Shakespeare, 235–36, 238, 262, 273, 287–88, 301, 303, 307, 310–11;
in Stampa, 13, 72, 76–77
Ronsard, Pierre de, 19–23, 314, 321;
and benefices, 20–21;
and brigade, 20;
and Cassandre Salviati, 146–47, 152, 194;
and Catherine de’ Medici, 23, 139, 193, 195;
and Charles IX, 20, 174, 187, 190, 199;
and Charles de Guise, 20–22, 177;
and Claude Binet, 134–35, 146–47, 193;
and Clément Marot, 136–37, 181;
and the Comtesse de Retz, 193, 199;
and family name, 141, 150, 209;
and Hélène de Surgères, 193;
and Jacques Peletier du Mans, 136, 157;
and Joachim Du Bellay, 136, 153, 157, 164, 166–68, 173, 182;
and La Possonniere, 133, 151, 166, 173, 178;
and Marc-Antoine Muret, 134, 140–42, 146–47, 150, 162, 164, 179;
and Marie de Bourgeuil, 194;
and Maurice Scève, 136, 151–52, 166, 168, 172, 181;
and Nicholas Denisot, 140, 158;
and Remy Belleau, 173, 179, 180, 182, 185;
and Saint-Cosme, 199;
and Vergil, 146, 160, 168, 170, 172
Ronsard’s poetry and poetics:
Abbregé e l’art poétique, 187;
Discours à Pierre Lescot, 186;
Discours de Miseres de ce temps, 188;
Elégie à L’Huillier, 21;
Elégie à Philippe Des-portes, 202;
Epistre à Charles de Lorraine, 177;
Franciade, 19, 133, 145–47, 151, 157, 168–70;
Hynne à Charles de Lorraine, 177;
Hynne d’or, 177–78;
La Lyre, 19, 188–90;
Le Procès, 21–22, 177;
Les Odes, 19, 133–34, 136, Ode à Michel de l’Hospital, 135–36, Ode à sa muse, 134–35, Ode de la paix, 133, 135;
(p.332) Ronsard’s sonnets:
Amours diverses sonnet 30, 207;
sonnet 27, 208;
Le Premier Livre des Amours chanson 141, 162;
sonnet 1, 137–40;
sonnet 8, 141–42;
sonnet 27, 146–47;
sonnets 70 and 71, 147;
sonnet 73, 162;
sonnet 94, 160–62;
sonnet 103, 148–51;
sonnet 108, 163–65;
sonnet 125, 165;
sonnet 138, 158–59;
sonnet 147, 160;
sonnet 164, 186–87;
sonnet 193, 162, 165–66;
sonnet 198, 167–68;
sonnet 200, 152;
sonnet 214, 159;
sonnet 219, 171–72;
sonnet 226, 152;
sonnet 229, 153;
Le Second Livre des Amours sonnet 32, 181–82;
sonnet 37, 182;
sonnet 40, 184–85;
sonnet 64, 179–80;
Sonnets pour Astrée sonnet 12, 190–91;
Sonnets pour Hélène sonnet 1.1, 194–95;
sonnet 1.2, 195;
sonnet 1.3, 195–96;
sonnet 1.9, 196–97;
sonnet 1.26, 197;
sonnet 1.31, 202–3;
sonnet 1.49, 203–4;
sonnet 2.1, 201;
sonnet 2.3, 206–7;
sonnet 2.26, 207–8;
sonnet 2.36, 208;
sonnet 2.43, 209–12;
sonnet 2.55, 212–13;
sonnet 2.68, 213–15;
Sonnets pour Sinope, 184–85;
Sonnets sur la mort de Marie, 191–92
Rore, Cipriano de, 81–83
Ruscelli, Girolamo:
commentary on Ariosto, 156;
editor of anthologies and Stampa, 76, 89
salon culture, 6–7, 13, 29;
and Ronsard, 193, 198–202, 212–13;
and Stampa, 13, 80–83, 92, 314, 321
Schumpeter, Joseph, 18n50, 23n55, 41n11, 174n4, 176n7
Shakespeare, William, 26–32, 314, 321–22;
and Ben Jonson, 223, 264–65, 274–75, 278–80;
and Chapman, Dekker, and Marston, 223, 264–66;
and Christophe Mountjoy, 220;
craftsmanship and skill, 221, 224, 229, 235–36, 245, 256;
dating of sonnets, 221–25;
furor and poetic rage, 238, 246, 268, 272, 292, 294–96, 321;
and Henry Wriothesley, Earl of Southampton, 243, 273–74;
patronage, 224, 232, 243–44;
professionalism, 232, 285;
and Richard Field, printer, 25n3, 265n3;
and Robert Chester, 264–65;
and Robert Greene, 26–27, 222–23, 243, 249, 255;
social status, 232;
and Thomas Thorpe, 221–22;
traces of revision, 221–22, 229, 235–36, 242, 244, 267, 285–88, 307
Shakespeare’s plays:
All’s Well That Ends Well, 29–30, 289–90;
Coriolanus, 294;
Hamlet, 285;
Love’s Labor’s Lost, 26–28, 238, 243–44, 309n36;
Merchant of Venice, 28;
Much Ado about Nothing, 248n8;
Othello, 285;
Romeo and Juliet, 28, 244;
Troilus and Cressida, 29, 271;
Winter’s Tale, 30–31, 311–12
Shakespeare’s poems:
A Lover’s Complaint, 27, 258–59;
in Passionate Pilgrim, 235;
Phoenix and Turtle, 265–67;
Rape of Lucrece, 26–27, 273;
Venus and Adonis, 26–27, 243, 273, 314, 316
Shakespeare’s Sonnets:
sonnet 8, 225–26, 228–31;
sonnet 13, 292–93;
sonnet 15, 293–94;
sonnet 17, 290–92;
sonnet 18, 294;
sonnet 21, 297;
sonnet 23, 294–97;
sonnet 24, 225, 236–37;
sonnets 27 and 28, 297;
sonnet 33, 300–301;
sonnet 35, 239, 301–2;
sonnet 36, 287–89;
sonnet 40, 239, 302–4;
sonnets 41 and 42, 303n30;
sonnets 46 and 47, 225, 239–40, 304;
sonnet 49, 240–41;
sonnets 53 and 54, 304–7;
sonnet 55, 241, 304;
sonnet 57, 307, 309;
sonnet 58, 309–310;
sonnet 60, 310;
sonnet 62, 310–11;
sonnet 63, 241;
sonnets 64 and 65, 245–48;
sonnet 71, 248;
sonnets 73 and 74, 251–52;
sonnet 76, 253–55;
sonnet 78, 255–56;
sonnets 82–86, 256–57;
sonnets 87 and 88, 257;
sonnet 96, 287–89;
sonnets 97 and 98, 260–61;
sonnet 99, 261–62;
sonnets 100 and 101, 267–68;
sonnets 102 and 103, 268;
sonnet 104, 269–71;
sonnet 107, 269, 273–74;
sonnet 109, 275;
sonnet 110, 275–76;
sonnet 113, 276;
sonnet 114, 277–78;
sonnet 116, 279–81;
sonnet 124, 281–83;
sonnet 125, 289;
sonnet 128, 225–28;
sonnet 138, 235–36;
sonnet 144, 227
Sidney, Philip, 25, 224, 266–75, 286, 305, 214;
Astrophil and Stella, Eighth Song, 266;
sonnet 1, 256;
sonnet 3, 253, 256, 297;
sonnet 15, 253, 297;
sonnet 28, 297n21;
sonnet 47, 295;
sonnet 71, 246, 291, 293, 303;
sonnet 74, 27 295;
sonnet 76, 253, 271;
sonnets 88 and 89, 298;
sonnet 90, 254;
sonnet 91, 303n30;
sonnets 98 and 99, 298–99;
sonnet 102, 304
(p.333) Silvano da Venafro, commentary on Petrarch, 88, 96n37, 231, 296
Smith, Adam, 6
Smith, Sir Thomas, Discourse of the Commonweal, 23–24
Spenser, Edmund, 26, 222–24, 286, 305;
Amoretti, 259;
sonnet 9, 293, 301;
sonnet 35, 311;
sonnet 67, 299;
sonnet 69, 272, 292;
sonnet 71, 287;
sonnet 83, 311;
sonnet 86, 300;
sonnets 87 and 88, 299;
Epithalamion, 287;
Faerie Queene, books 3 and 4, 238–39;
Ruines of Rome, sonnet 5, 291;
sonnet 7, 293;
sonnet 10, 302;
sonnet 20, 304;
sonnet 23, 302;
sonnet 25, 254;
sonnet 32, 291–92, 306
Squarzafico, Hieronimo, commentary on Petrarch, 92
Stampa, Gaspara, 13–14, 314, 321;
and Baldassare Stampa, 90;
and Cassandra Stampa, 76–77;
civic ideology of Venice, 82–84;
class structure of Venice, 79–81, 83–84, 89, 91, 97;
and Collaltino di Collalto, 13, 77, 83–85;
and Doge Andrea Gritti, 14, 78, 99;
and Domenico Venier, 80–81, 83;
marriage to Andrea di Giovanni de San Martin, 14n35, 78n7;
musical styles of Parabosco, Rore, and Willaert, 81–83;
and Pietro Aretino, 78–80;
salon culture in Venice, 13, 80, 82–83, 92
Stampa’s poems:
sonnet 1, 81–82;
sonnets 55 and 56, 85–86;
sonnet 86, 86–87;
sonnet 111, 87–89;
sonnet 113, 91–92;
sonnet 121, 92–94;
sonnet 140, 94–95;
sonnet 155, 95–96;
sonnet 173, 96–98;
sonnet 179, 98;
sonnets 205–219, 98;
sonnets 221–73, 80–81, 98
Thorpe, Thomas, Elizabethan publisher, 221–22, 224
Tibullus, Elegy 1.3, 211
Tottel, Richard, 260–61, 219n1
trade, 129, 145, 168–69, 252, 254
Trent, Council of, 18–19, 97n40, 143–45, 152, 165–66
use value, 8, 41, 317
usury, 6, 318;
and Charles Du Moulin, 17–18, 24, 144–45;
and Michelangelo, 113–14, 144–45;
and Sir Thomas Smith, 23–24;
and Shakespeare, 28
utility value, 3, 4;
and Castelvetro, 11;
and Petrarch, 10, 37–42;
and Shakespeare, 255–58, 272–73, 290–92, 304–7
Vasari, Giorgio, 5, 15n40, 100–102, 123–26, 129
Vecellio, Cesare, 12
Vellutello, Alessandro, commentary on Petrarch, 86, 88, 92, 94, 148, 228–29, 258, 296
Venier, Domenico, 80–83, 93
Warley, Christopher, 235n31, 259n25, 279n20
Warner, J. Christopher, 107n16, 219n1
Watkins, John, 28n75
Wetherbee, Winthrop, 69n22
Willaert, Adrian, 81–83
Wilson, Thomas:
Art of Rhetoric, 25;
Discourse on Usury, 24