This chapter examines the United States's decision to repeal Chinese exclusion in 1943, which has long been interpreted by scholars of U.S.-China relations and Asian-American history as a measure driven by the exigencies of war and the requirements of foreign policy. It analyzes the context in the period from 1942 to 1946 within which the repeal decisions took place: the end of extraterritoriality, the revision of shore leave provisions for Chinese sailors, and the reconsideration of Asian exclusion as a broader topic. It argues that repeal of the Chinese exclusion laws was linked to all the other decisions that contributed to the idea of greater equality between the Chinese and American citizenry. It also discusses the legacies of exclusion and its repeal and suggests that the end of extraterritoriality, the shore leave ban, and exclusion should be understood from the standpoint of Chinese foreign policy and overseas Chinese policy.
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