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The Diplomacy of MigrationTransnational Lives and the Making of U.S.-Chinese Relations in the Cold War$
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Meredith Oyen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700149

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700149.001.0001

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A Fight on All Fronts

A Fight on All Fronts

The Chinese Civil War, Restored Migration, and Emigration as National Policy

(p.69) Chapter 3 A Fight on All Fronts
The Diplomacy of Migration

Meredith Oyen

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses the reopening of transportation leading to repatriation and new migration during the Chinese civil war. China endured four years of civil war on the heels of its eight-year struggle against Japan, but these were years proved to be of heavy distraction in the United States. The Cold War was breaking out in Europe as the World War II alliance gave way to increasing mutual suspicion between the United States and the Soviet Union. The large-scale postwar displaced persons crisis both dominated migration policy and practice and became part of the process by which Cold War politics hardened. This chapter examines how the two Chinese governments and individual Chinese migrants experienced and helped to create Asia's Cold War and the American response to it. In particular, it considers three migration problems: the demobilization from World War II; the non-quota migration of war brides, wives, and derivative citizens; and the development of new administrative norms to govern the still limited Chinese immigration to the United States immediately after the repeal of exclusion.

Keywords:   repatriation, migration, Chinese civil war, Cold War, United States, migration policy, demobilization, immigration, China, Chinese migrants

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