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The Diplomacy of MigrationTransnational Lives and the Making of U.S.-Chinese Relations in the Cold War$
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Meredith Oyen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700149

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700149.001.0001

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Remitting to the Enemy

Remitting to the Enemy

Transnational Family Finances and Foreign Policy

(p.128) Chapter 5 Remitting to the Enemy
The Diplomacy of Migration

Meredith Oyen

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines how traditional Chinese family remittances became a battleground between Nationalist China and Communist China and how transnational families were made to serve the foreign policy goals of the Cold War. Established overseas Chinese communities had a long tradition of sending remittances home to families left behind in China. During World War II, their remittances, investments, and donations propped up the Chinese economy, funded the war effort, and provided relief to struggling citizens. This chapter considers the attempts of the two Chinese governments and the United States to use Chinese Americans in public diplomacy. It also explores how the United States and Nationalist China tried to exploit the rift caused by land reform and the extortion rumors in Communist China to gain support for the Nationalist regime.

Keywords:   remittances, Nationalist China, Communist China, transnational families, foreign policy, United States, Chinese Americans, public diplomacy, land reform, extortion

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