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Vico's "New Science"A Philosophical Commentary$
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Donald Phillip Verene

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700163

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.001.0001

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Chronological Table

Chronological Table

Chapter:
(p.56) Chapter 6 Chronological Table
Source:
Vico's "New Science"
Author(s):

Donald Phillip Verene

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501700163.003.0008

This chapter discusses the Chronological Table of the New Science. The Chronological Table, the first section of Book 1—Establishment of Principles—shows the origin and genesis of the ancient nations, which are the groundwork of Giambattista Vico’s science of their common nature. In his opening comments on the construction of the table itself, Vico says Herodotus was his source for the doctrine of three ages, which are the ages of ideal eternal history: that of the gods, that of the heroes, and that of men. This chapter considers Vico’s conception of sacred history, with particular emphasis on one fundamental issue that Vico wishes to settle in terms of the table: that the Hebrews, not the Egyptians, are the most ancient of the nations, and that, because of this, sacred history can be kept distinct from the history of the gentile nations. It also discusses the entries on the Chaldeans, the Scythians, the Phoenicians, the Greeks, and the Romans.

Keywords:   ancient nations, Chronological Table, New Science, Giambattista Vico, sacred history, Hebrews, Egyptians, gentile nations, Chaldeans, Phoenicians

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