This chapter examines the art of transplantation, describing the three stages of the transplantation process. Transplantation is the art of moving ideas, policies, institutions, and practices from one environment to another. It engages both diffusion and convergence, examining how innovations spread and under what circumstances they take recognizably similar shape in multiple places. The first stage of the transplantation process (choice) concerns the initial decision to conduct a transplant. The second stage (transformation) concerns the active installation of the transplant. Finally, the third stage (internalization) concerns the sustainability of the transplant. A transplant's survival and development depends on various factors related to the skill of the transplanters and the environment's quality and compatibility.
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