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Making MoroccoColonial Intervention and the Politics of Identity$
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Jonathan Wyrtzen

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700231

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700231.001.0001

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Gender and the Politics of Identity

Gender and the Politics of Identity

(p.219) Chapter 7 Gender and the Politics of Identity
Making Morocco

Jonathan Wyrtzen

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines the role of gender in both the legibility and legitimization logics that structured the colonial political field as well as the interactive identity struggles in which external and internal social boundaries were contested and negotiated in Moroccan society. More specifically, it considers the centrality of gender for the colonial state's attempts to maintain ethnic and religious social divisions, the nationalist struggles to redefine Moroccan identity, and Mohamed V's active engagement with the Woman Question in the 1940s. It also discusses external identification processes in which gender played a significant role and the ways in which elite and non-elite urban and rural Moroccan women influenced identity politics during the protectorate period. Finally, it explains how the status of Moroccan women became intertwined with nationalist classification struggles and with Mohamed V's attempt to challenge the legitimizing logics of colonial intervention.

Keywords:   gender, legibility, legitimization, colonial political field, Moroccan identity, Mohamed V, Moroccan women, identity politics, classification struggles, colonial intervention

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