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American CatholicThe Politics of Faith During the Cold War$
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D. G. Hart

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700576

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700576.001.0001

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Belonging to an Ancient Church in a Modern Republic

Belonging to an Ancient Church in a Modern Republic

(p.18) 1 Belonging to an Ancient Church in a Modern Republic
American Catholic

D. G. Hart

Cornell University Press

This chapter talks about Al Smith as the first Roman Catholic to gain the nomination for president of the United States by a major party, the Democrats. It mentions Jacques Villeré, a Roman Catholic, who became the second governor of Louisiana. It also explores the political career of Smith and Villeré, which suggests that Americans were generally comfortable with Roman Catholics holding public office. The chapter refers to Charles C. Marshall, a New York attorney and member of the Episcopal Church, who reminded Americans of the incompatibility between Roman Catholicism and American politics. It details how Marshall pointed out the conflict between Roman Catholic canon law on marriage and the secular laws governing the institution in Protestant countries such as the United States and England.

Keywords:   Roman Catholic, public office, Episcopal Church, Roman Catholicism, American politics, secular laws

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