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American CatholicThe Politics of Faith During the Cold War$
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D. G. Hart

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501700576

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501700576.001.0001

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Liberal Catholics, American Conservatives

Liberal Catholics, American Conservatives

(p.88) 4 Liberal Catholics, American Conservatives
American Catholic

D. G. Hart

Cornell University Press

This chapter refers to Garry Wills who expressed that the Second Vatican Council was less about religious freedom than liturgical anarchy. It discusses the reform of the Mass, by which the council launched Roman Catholicism into the agony of lost symbols and debased associations. It also conveys a theology of the sacrament that the council destroyed by introducing vernacular languages, turning the priest around to face the congregation, and placing the communion wafer in the hands of recipients. The chapter discusses liturgical reforms that liberated the priests from the years of theology learned in Latin by rote. It explains the council's reset of the church's outlook on social pluralism and secular politics as a feature that was already evident in American Roman Catholicism.

Keywords:   Second Vatican Council, religious freedom, liturgical anarchy, Roman Catholicism, liturgical reforms, social pluralism, secular politics

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