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In the Hegemon's ShadowLeading States and the Rise of Regional Powers$
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Evan Braden Montgomery

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702341

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: August 2016

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702341.001.0001

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The Past and Future of Rising Regional Powers

(p.150) Conclusion
In the Hegemon's Shadow

Evan Braden Montgomery

Cornell University Press

This book has explored how leading states have responded to power shifts in peripheral regions and why they have accommodated some rising regional powers (RRPs) but opposed others. It has introduced a new theory that explains why leading states differed in their responses to RRPs by emphasizing the interaction between the type of regional order preferred by a leading state and the type of power shift that it believes is taking place. The first step in the theory entails figuring out whether a leading state favors regional parity or regional primacy, or whether it is impartial between these alternative orders. The second step involves determining how an emerging regional power will alter the local status quo and whether the expected consequences of its rise are compatible with a leading state's preferences. This concluding chapter summarizes the book's arguments and evidence and discusses several implications for international relations theory. It also considers what the book's framework would suggest about the United States's relations with two contemporary regional powers: India and Iran.

Keywords:   leading states, power shifts, peripheral regions, rising regional powers, regional order, regional parity, regional primacy, United States, India, Iran

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