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Too Few Women at the TopThe Persistence of Inequality in Japan$
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Kumiko Nemoto

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702488

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702488.001.0001

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Sex Segregation in Japanese Business

Sex Segregation in Japanese Business

(p.1) 1 Sex Segregation in Japanese Business
Too Few Women at the Top

Kumiko Nemoto

Cornell University Press

This chapter provides an analysis about sex segregation in Japanese firms on feminist studies written from the gendered-organizational perspective, which allows more context-specific evaluation of gendered customs and practices than other organizational approaches. Organizational analysis allows for the discovery of how sex segregation has been reinforced informally through hierarchies, hiring practices, gender biases, and worker relations. Traditionally, sex segregation has been explained from two differing viewpoints: a demand-side perspective that emphasizes such things as employers' statistical discrimination against women workers; and a supply-side perspective that sees the gender gap as mostly resulting from women's choices. The chapter states that, even with increasing governmental intervention and the entrance of more educated women into the labor market, sex segregation persists because of unchanging workplace practices.

Keywords:   sex segregation, feminist studies, gendered customs, gender biases, women workers, hiring practices, Japanese firms

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