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Too Few Women at the TopThe Persistence of Inequality in Japan$
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Kumiko Nemoto

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702488

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702488.001.0001

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Thwarted Ambitions and Sympathy

Thwarted Ambitions and Sympathy

Long Working Hours, Sex Segregation, and the Price of Masculinity

(p.163) 6 Thwarted Ambitions and Sympathy
Too Few Women at the Top

Kumiko Nemoto

Cornell University Press

This chapter illustrates how the culture of long working hours continues to reinforce vertical segregation in the workplace through three processes: remasculinization of management; non-career-track women's low aspirations and their view of the difficulty of balancing work and family; and working mothers' disadvantages relating to men's lack of involvement at home. The custom of long working hours can incorporate women as long as they successfully emulate men's overwork norm by prioritizing their work over their personal and family life. Yet, long working hours polarize women's choices because the ideology of separate spheres places most family responsibility on the woman. The chapter also looks at how the custom of overwork in Japanese companies may lead to men's loss of personal health and family time.

Keywords:   long working hours, vertical segregation, overwork, Japanese companies, family responsibility

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