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Too Few Women at the TopThe Persistence of Inequality in Japan$
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Kumiko Nemoto

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501702488

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501702488.001.0001

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(p.218) Conclusion
Too Few Women at the Top

Kumiko Nemoto

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter reflects on important changes and future reforms that Japan needs to work on if it wishes to reduce sex segregation, not only at the organizational level, but also in management structures, the labor market, and the overall employment picture. It argues that the main reason why there has been little change in the state/business-led institutional dependence in Japan is the Japanese business culture's style of conformity management, characterized by a reluctance to implement necessary innovations and liberal reforms or to diversify and mobilize the labor market. Japanese management places too much emphasis on conformity, and the elderly dominate Japan's decision making, which makes change extremely difficult. With lifelong employment and seniority further sustaining the continuation of male dominance, women's low status will continue to be blocked by this organizational inertia.

Keywords:   sex segregation, Japanese business culture, labor market, conformity management, male dominance, liberal reforms

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