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Samurai to SoldierRemaking Military Service in Nineteenth-Century Japan$
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D. Colin Jaundrill

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501703096

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501703096.001.0001

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The Drives to Build a Federal Army, 1866–1872

The Drives to Build a Federal Army, 1866–1872

(p.73) 3 The Drives to Build a Federal Army, 1866–1872
Samurai to Soldier

D. Colin Jaundrill

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the Tokugawa authorities' operations designed to build a national army. The shogunate expanded its Western-style units, reformed its retainer band, and tried to bring domain forces—especially those of its vassal domains—together in a federal army. In addition, Tokugawa authorities transitioned warriors into a professional soldiery to resolve the apparent irreconcilability of reformed military units with the status system. However, by the time the shogunate issued new military obligation schedules to the domains, it had lost most of its political capita. Had this last-ditch reform program been implemented fully, it might have transformed the shogunate into a modern bureaucratic state quite different from what actually took shape after the Tokugawa collapse.

Keywords:   Tokugawa authorities, national army, shogunate, Western-style units, vassal domains, federal army

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