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The Power of SystemsHow Policy Sciences Opened Up the Cold War World$
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Egle Rindzeviciute

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501703188

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501703188.001.0001

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The East-West Politics of Global Modeling

The East-West Politics of Global Modeling

(p.129) 5 The East-West Politics of Global Modeling
The Power of Systems

Eglė Rindzevičiūtė

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on computer-based global modeling, a new technology of knowledge production that emerged in the early 1970s and played an important, transformative role in Soviet governance by opening it up to East-West cooperation. Global modelers conceptualized the planet as a complex, interconnected system, the understanding of which required transnational scientific cooperation, enabling both scientists and data to cross national boundaries and Cold War divides. Moreover, Soviet scientists forged and used models of possible long-term futures of the world to reveal and criticize problems being experienced, but not always acknowledged, in the Soviet Union. Therefore, a history of computer-based global modeling is a history of East-West transfer, the transformation of the late state socialism and globalization.

Keywords:   computer-based global modeling, Soviet governance, East-West cooperation, transnational scientific cooperation, Cold War divides, state socialism, globalization

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