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The Power of SystemsHow Policy Sciences Opened Up the Cold War World$
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Egle Rindzeviciute

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501703188

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501703188.001.0001

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Acid Rain

Acid Rain

Scientific Expertise and Governance across the Systemic Divide

(p.181) 7 Acid Rain
The Power of Systems

Eglė Rindzevičiūtė

Cornell University Press

This chapter details the development of the regional air pollution information and simulation model (RAINS) in 1984, a project which has been retrospectively described as one of the highest achievements of IIASA, substantiating East-West collaboration beyond scientific diplomacy. RAINS consisted of three blocs: pollution generation, atmospheric processes, and environmental impact, with further submodels to investigate emissions, long-range transport, and acidification. The model was interactive: a policy maker could select a particular national pathway of energy use, a strategy of pollution control, and environmental impact indicators. On the basis of this information, the computer model simulated the interaction of these three systems, enabling the user to examine the consequences of different alternatives to control acidification.

Keywords:   RAINS, IIASA, East-West collaboration, pollution generation, atmospheric processes, environmental impact, acidification, pollution control, computer model, energy use

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