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Imagining a Greater GermanyRepublican Nationalism and the Idea of Anschluss$
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Erin R. Hochman

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501704444

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501704444.001.0001

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The Nationalization of Democracy in the Weimar and First Austrian Republics

The Nationalization of Democracy in the Weimar and First Austrian Republics

(p.21) 1 The Nationalization of Democracy in the Weimar and First Austrian Republics
Imagining a Greater Germany

Erin R. Hochman

Cornell University Press

This chapter examines republicans' rhetorical defense of the republics. Countering claims by the political right that the new republics were un-German, republicans argued that parliamentary democracy and German nationalism were not at odds. To prove their point, they cited the revolution of 1848 and their support for an Anschluss, or a political union between Germany and Austria. In doing so, republicans attempted to create their own form of nationalism by contrasting their großdeutsch nationalism with right-wing alldeutsch (pan-German) nationalism and conservative nationalism. Even though republicans at times harbored prejudices, they used großdeutsch nationalism to support democratic rights and practices, to reconcile national and international allegiances, and to create a national community that cut across religious, political, and social divisions.

Keywords:   republicans, new republics, parliamentary democracy, German nationalism, Anschluss, alldeutsch nationalism, pan-German nationalism

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