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A New Moral VisionGender, Religion, and the Changing Purposes of American Higher Education, 1837-1917$
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Andrea L. Turpin

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501704789

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501704789.001.0001

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Separate or “Joint Education of the Sexes”?

Separate or “Joint Education of the Sexes”?

Religion, Science, and Class in National Debates

(p.88) Chapter 4 Separate or “Joint Education of the Sexes”?
A New Moral Vision

Andrea L. Turpin

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses that almost all colleges, private and public, during the first half of the nineteenth century had seen themselves as serving both church and state, with “church” typically referring to evangelical Protestantism. Private men's colleges, often funded by both denominational and local sources, tended to balance these commitments to church and state. Meanwhile, public colleges emphasized serving the state, and those institutions that pioneered in the most advanced education for women. Service to the state most often meant producing the community's civic and economic leaders, or, minimally, its voters. Thus, those institutions that cared enough about extending collegiate education to women because they believed that best serving God meant providing women with higher education regardless of how much it would aid the state.

Keywords:   nineteenth century, evangelical Protestantism, collegiate education, economic leaders, church

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