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Invisible WeaponsLiturgy and the Making of Crusade Ideology$
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M. Cecilia Gaposchkin

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501705151

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501705151.001.0001

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From Pilgrimage to Crusade

From Pilgrimage to Crusade

(p.65) 2 From Pilgrimage to Crusade
Invisible Weapons

M. Cecilia Gaposchkin

Cornell University Press

This chapter traces the development of the departure rite for crusaders, in which rites of pilgrimage and rites for the cross came together to create a new liturgical ritual that gave specific definition and status to crusade. It was through this rite that crusaders were defined as armed pilgrims. The liturgy sanctioned the crusader as a temporary religious (that is, responsible for a time to heightened religious, quasi-monastic expectations of conduct) and thus set the devotional quality of the journey and the mission. That definition changed over time, reflecting both the development of the institution of crusade and evolving crusade spirituality.

Keywords:   crusaders, crusades, departure rites, pilgrimage, cross, liturgical ritual

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