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Invisible WeaponsLiturgy and the Making of Crusade Ideology$
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M. Cecilia Gaposchkin

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9781501705151

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501705151.001.0001

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(p.256) Conclusion
Invisible Weapons

M. Cecilia Gaposchkin

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter summarizes the preceding discussions and presents some final thoughts. In seeking to explore the intersections between liturgy and crusading, this book offers several broader contributions. The first is to give greater texture to the premise that the crusades were a religious enterprise, and that crusaders were participating in part for religious reasons, in ways partly governed by religious ideas. Second, the longer history reveals the extent to which the liturgy was understood as a weapon of warfare. Finally, this history reveals how much the liturgy, both its language and its rituals, was implicated in the evolving ideology of crusade, and in turn, the extent to which crusading, through the liturgy, was brought into the very heart and definition of Christianity.

Keywords:   liturgy, crusades, crusading, Christianity, warfare

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