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Curse on This CountryThe Rebellious Army of Imperial Japan$
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Danny Orbach

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501705281

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501705281.001.0001

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Coup D’état in Three Acts

Coup D’état in Three Acts

The Taishō Political Crisis, 1912–1913

Chapter:
(p.129) 7 Coup D’état in Three Acts
Source:
Curse on This Country
Author(s):

Danny Orbach

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501705281.003.0008

This chapter examines the Taishō political crisis of 1912–1913. It first considers Home Minister Hara Kei's “positive policy” and the military budget dispute of autumn 1912 involving the army and navy before discussing the imperial ordinance known as the “rule of active duty ministry.” It then turns to Prime Minister Saionji Kinmochi's conflict with the army and his successor Katsura Tarō's dispute with the navy. It also explains how the “active duty rule” and the political tools it had generated turned the budgetary dispute of autumn 1912 into a government crisis, and finally, into a military coup d'état. The chapter concludes with an analysis of the ramifications of the Taishō political crisis for the future.

Keywords:   military budget, Taishō political crisis, Hara Kei, positive policy, Japanese Army, Japanese Navy, Saionji Kinmochi, Katsura Tarō, active duty rule, coup d'état

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