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After LaviniaA Literary History of Premodern Marriage Diplomacy$
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John Watkins

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501707575

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501707575.001.0001

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Marriage Diplomacy, Print, and the Reformation

Marriage Diplomacy, Print, and the Reformation

(p.111) Chapter 4 Marriage Diplomacy, Print, and the Reformation
After Lavinia

John Watkins

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses the earliest stages of the decline of marriage diplomacy by focusing on the most important marriage treaty during the Reformation: the 1559 Peace of Cateau–Cambrésis, which ended more than a half century of war between France and Spain. That war and its eventual resolution looked like a replay of the later phases of the Hundred Years War of 1337–1453. Proponents of the treaty used the new medium of print to interpret Philip II's marriage to Elizabeth de Valois according to the centuries-old discourse of Virgilian peacemaking. The chapter also examines changes in religion and the dissemination of diplomatic literacy to an expanding political nation whose interests diverged from those of ruling dynasts. It concludes by showing how diplomats and heads of state availed themselves of several marriage treaties in their efforts to end the Hundred Years War.

Keywords:   marriage diplomacy, Peace of Cateau–Cambrésis, Hundred Years War, Philip II, Elizabeth de Valois, peacemaking, religion, diplomatic literacy, marriage treaties

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