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Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of ChinaPower and Politics in East Asia$
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Robert S. Ross

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501709180

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501709180.001.0001

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Domestic Politics and Nationalism in East Asian Security

Domestic Politics and Nationalism in East Asian Security

(p.15) Chapter 1 Domestic Politics and Nationalism in East Asian Security
Strategic Adjustment and the Rise of China

Randall L. Schweller

Cornell University Press

This chapter works within the neoclassical realist tradition to examine the role of nationalism in foreign policymaking and the implication for the international politics of East Asia. Whereas the rise of China is an important structural factor necessarily affecting states' security policies throughout East Asia, China's rise does not determine these states' security policies. Rather, domestic politics ultimately determines how a state responds to changing security circumstances. In particular, nationalism can drive states to adopt more belligerent policies than warranted by their strategic environment, thus contributing to heightened bilateral conflicts and regional tension. The chapter argues that, in contemporary East Asia, rising China sets the context of policymaking, but domestic politics has been the primary factor shaping policy.

Keywords:   neoclassical realism, East Asia, nationalism, foreign policymaking, China, international politics, bilateral conflicts, domestic politics

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