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Cities for ProfitThe Real Estate Turn in Asia's Urban Politics$
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Gavin Shatkin

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501709906

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501709906.001.0001

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Planned Grab

Planned Grab

Capitalizing on Land Dualism in New Order Jakarta

(p.102) 3 Planned Grab
Cities for Profit

Gavin Shatkin

Cornell University Press

Jakarta under the New Order—the period of the rule of President Suharto which ended in 1998—represents a case of an authoritarian regime that employed regulatory reforms and developmental discourses to enable a massive and highly regressive appropriation of land at Jakarta’s periurban fringe. The New Order regime specifically used land permitting, a process through which the state granted private developers exclusive rights to acquire and develop land held under customary tenure, to transfer land from smallholders to major developers. The chapter analyzes one project that was enabled through such a permit, Bumi Serpong Damai, or BSD City. One of the early experiments in urban real estate megaproject development, BSD City initially undertook meaningful efforts to create a socially and ecologically sustainable new town model. However, these measures broke down quickly in the face of developer interests in the maximization of profit.

Keywords:   Jakarta, Indonesia, President Suharto, Land permitting, Customary tenure

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