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Banished to the Great Northern WildernessPolitical Exile and Re-education in Mao's China$
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Ning Wang

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501713187

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501713187.001.0001

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Banished to the Great Northern Wilderness

Ning Wang

Cornell University Press

This chapter talks about the suspension of banishment to the Great Northern Wilderness and the post-banishment experiences of political exiles, showing that the mass deaths in the borderlands and countryside prompted the central government to evacuate rightists. In the early 1960s, the majority of Beijing rightists were allowed to leave the army farms, and the ultra-rightists in Xingkaihu were also transferred to the interior. These ex-inmates, however, still bore the stigma foisted upon them as a result of consciously designed state policies; consequently, they were discriminated against and were unable to resume their normal lives until they were finally rehabilitated in the post-Mao political thaw.

Keywords:   Great Northern Wilderness, post-banishment experiences, political exiles, rightists, ultra-rightists, Beijing, Xingkaihu, post-Mao, mass deaths

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