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Why American Elections Are Flawed (and How to Fix Them)$
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Pippa Norris

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501713408

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2017

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501713408.001.0001

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Measuring Electoral Integrity

Measuring Electoral Integrity

(p.24) II Measuring Electoral Integrity
Why American Elections Are Flawed (and How to Fix Them)

Pippa Norris

Cornell University Press

This chapter outlines the core concept and measure of electoral integrity, the key yardstick used by the Electoral Integrity Project (EIP) to evaluate free and fair elections. EIP defines the idea of electoral integrity as the presence of a set of agreed-upon international conventions and global norms, applying universally to all countries worldwide through the election cycle, including during the pre-election period, the campaign, on polling day, and its aftermath. For evidence, EIP developed an expert survey of Perceptions of Electoral Integrity (PEI), which gathers information covering all independent nation-states around the world that have held direct (popular) elections for the national parliament or presidential elections, excluding micro-states (with populations below 100,000). The 213 elections in 153 nations analyzed in the latest release used in this study, PEI-4.5, fall within the period from July 1, 2012 to June 30, 2016.

Keywords:   American electoral process, elections, Electoral Integrity Project, free elections, fair elections, Perceptions of Electoral Integrity, expert survey

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