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From Stalin to MaoAlbania and the Socialist World$
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Elidor Mëhilli

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9781501714153

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501714153.001.0001

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The Methods of Socialism

The Methods of Socialism

(p.94) 3 The Methods of Socialism
From Stalin to Mao

Elidor Mëhilli

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows how Soviet inventions became an Albanian national story. It looks at the Soviet advisers who came to lift the country from poverty in the 1950s. The Soviet Union became associated with industrial methods, including Stakhanovism (workers surpassing production norms). Socialism thus came with physical acts that required proper verbal identification and repetition, allowing Albanian peasants to make claims about themselves, their past, and their future. “Soviet experience” stood in contrast to “old ways,” which were backward, pre-socialist techniques, property regimes, traditional conventions and social mores, and religion. Rather than looking at the Soviet-Albanian encounter in terms of oppression and resistance, it is useful to see how it created modes of interpretation. The chapter’s core case study is the Stalin textile mills outside of the capital city Tirana.

Keywords:   industry, development aid, Stakhanovism, labour, productivity, workers, factories, backwardness, modernity

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