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Strategies for GoverningReinventing Public Administration for a Dangerous Century$
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Alasdair Roberts

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501714405

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501714405.001.0001

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Factors and Forces

Factors and Forces

Chapter:
(p.50) Chapter 6 Factors and Forces
Source:
Strategies for Governing
Author(s):

Alasdair Roberts

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501714405.003.0007

This chapter identifies several factors that typically influence governance strategies. The first two are aspects of nature: geography and climate. For example, geography determines the vulnerability of a state to attack by other states as well as the manner in which that state must be defended. The expanse and contours of land and water also influences the capacity of a state to assert control within its borders, and it shapes decisions about centralization or decentralization of governmental authority. Similarly, the ability of states to stoke economic growth or exercise influence abroad hinges on their endowment of natural resources. Climate also affects prospects for economic growth as well as patterns of disease and susceptibility to extreme weather events. A second factor is the profile of the population within the territory controlled by the state. A third factor is the structure of the economy. A fourth factor is the inventory of available technologies, including physical technologies such as those used to capture, distribute, and convert energy. A final factor is the distribution of power within the society of states.

Keywords:   governance strategies, geography, climate, governmental authority, economic growth, governed population, economic structure, physical technologies, distribution of power

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