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The Last Card – Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq  - Cornell Scholarship Online
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The Last Card: Inside George W. Bush's Decision to Surge in Iraq 

Timothy Sayle, Jeffrey A. Engel, Hal Brands, and William Inboden


This book is the real story of how George W. Bush came to double-down on Iraq in the highest stakes gamble of his entire presidency. It offers an unprecedented look into the process by which Bush overruled much of the military leadership and many of his trusted advisors to authorize the deployment of roughly 30,000 additional troops to the warzone in a bid to save Iraq from collapse in 2007. The adoption of a new counterinsurgency strategy and surge of new troops into Iraq altered the American posture in the Middle East for a decade to come. The book provides access to the deliberations among ... More

Keywords: George W. Bush, Iraq, military leadership, counterinsurgency, Middle East, US national security, military strategy, American presidency

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9781501715181
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2020 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501715181.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Timothy Sayle, editor
University of Toronto

Jeffrey A. Engel, editor
Southern Methodist University

Hal Brands, editor
Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies