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Stopping the BombThe Sources and Effectiveness of US Nonproliferation Policy$
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Nicholas L. Miller

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9781501717802

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501717802.001.0001

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The Sources of US Nonproliferation Policy, 1945–1968

The Sources of US Nonproliferation Policy, 1945–1968

Chapter:
(p.40) Chapter 2 The Sources of US Nonproliferation Policy, 1945–1968
Source:
Stopping the Bomb
Author(s):

Nicholas L. Miller

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501717802.003.0003

This chapter traces the historical evolution of US nonproliferation policy from 1945 to 1968. It demonstrates that US policy prior to 1964 is best characterized as selective, as both the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations were permissive toward proliferation by certain allies, including through the Multilateral Force in NATO. After China conducted its first nuclear test in 1964, the Johnson administration adopted a more universal nonproliferation policy, abandoning the Multilateral Force and finalizing the Nonproliferation Treaty. These changes were driven by increased expectations of nuclear domino effects, more government focus on nonproliferation, and advocacy by nonproliferation advocates in Congress and the bureaucracy.

Keywords:   nonproliferation, Multilateral Force, Nonproliferation Treaty, Dwight Eisenhower, John Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson

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