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Constructing Allied CooperationDiplomacy, Payments, and Power in Multilateral Military Coalitions$
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Marina E Henke

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781501739699

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501739699.001.0001

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Chaining Communists

Chaining Communists

The Korean War (1950–1953)

(p.66) 4 Chaining Communists
Constructing Allied Cooperation

Marina E. Henke

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on the Korean War, which constituted the first instance of multilateral military coalition building in the post-World War II era. The U.S. government served as the pivotal state in this coalition-building effort. The chapter then looks at the deployment decisions of the three largest troop-contributing countries: the United Kingdom, Canada, and Turkey; the Philippines, a deeply embedded state with the United States in 1950; and South Africa, a weakly embedded state with the United States in 1950. The deployment decisions of the U.K. and Canada were the result of intense U.S. prodding involving a mixture of personal appeals, incentives, and threats. In this process, the U.S. government instrumentalized diplomatic networks to the greatest extent possible. Meanwhile, the Philippines was lured into the coalition via U.S. diplomatic embeddedness. Finally, in the case of South Africa, diplomatic embeddedness played no direct role. Rather, South Africa perceived the Korean War as an opportunity to gain from the U.S. long-desired military equipment, in particular military aircraft.

Keywords:   Korean War, multilateral military coalition, coalition building, U.S. government, United Kingdom, Canada, Turkey, Philippines, South Africa, diplomatic embeddedness

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