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Migration in the Time of RevolutionChina, Indonesia, and the Cold War$
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Taomo Zhou

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781501739934

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501739934.001.0001

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The Chinese Nationalist Party and the Overseas Chinese

The Chinese Nationalist Party and the Overseas Chinese

(p.17) Chapter 1 The Chinese Nationalist Party and the Overseas Chinese
Migration in the Time of Revolution

Taomo Zhou

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses the connections between the Chinese communities in Indonesia and the Chinese Nationalist government as well as the evolving structure of international relations in the Asia-Pacific after World War II. It argues that the Chinese Nationalist government's lack of sympathy for Indonesia's struggle for independence and its insistence on exercising jurisdiction over the Chinese in Indonesia aggravated ethnic conflicts. Claimed as citizens by both the ROC and the Republic of Indonesia but protected by neither, the ethnic Chinese in Indonesia exercised their own agency by organizing self-defense forces in collaboration with the Dutch or turning to support the Indonesian nationalists. While the Chinese Nationalists could rely on formal institutions in Indonesia, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) established its support base through an informal web of personal connections centered on left-leaning writers, teachers, and journalists who migrated from Mainland China. These left-wing intellectuals inspired a generation of ethnic Chinese youth and motivated them to engage in politics.

Keywords:   Chinese communities, Indonesia, Chinese Nationalist government, international relations, ethnic conflicts, ethnic Chinese, Indonesian nationalists, Chinese Nationalists, Chinese Communist Party, Chinese youth

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