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Migration in the Time of RevolutionChina, Indonesia, and the Cold War$
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Taomo Zhou

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781501739934

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501739934.001.0001

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The Overseas Chinese “Returning” to the People’s Republic

The Overseas Chinese “Returning” to the People’s Republic

Chapter:
(p.191) Chapter 10 The Overseas Chinese “Returning” to the People’s Republic
Source:
Migration in the Time of Revolution
Author(s):

Taomo Zhou

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501739934.003.0011

This chapter highlights the stories of Chinese migrants who came to the People's Republic of China from Indonesia during the two-decade span of this book. By the late 1960s, at least 164,000 ethnic Chinese had “returned” to their ancestral homeland even though most of them were born and raised in Indonesia. The majority started their lives all over again on the overseas Chinese farms, primarily located in the mountainous regions in the Southern Chinese provinces of Fujian, Guangdong, and Hainan. However, these repatriated overseas Chinese carried the daily practices of capitalism and transnational investment ties with them. Ironically, their resistance against the socialist state's attempts to incorporate them helped prepare the PRC for its transition to market principles and its opening to international trade. Their tales of hope and disappointment, compromise and perseverance, conclude this story of migration in the time of revolution.

Keywords:   Chinese migrants, Indonesia, ethnic Chinese, overseas Chinese, capitalism, transnational investment, socialist state, market principles, international trade, migration

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