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When There Was No AidWar and Peace in Somaliland$
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Sarah G. Phillips

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747151

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747151.001.0001

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Local Ownership and the Rules of the Game

Local Ownership and the Rules of the Game

(p.103) Chapter 4 Local Ownership and the Rules of the Game
When There Was No Aid

Sarah G. Phillips

Cornell University Press

This chapter shows how Somaliland’s institutions have helped to facilitate both war and peace, which is reflected in the way that the independence discourse emphasizes that peace is never guaranteed and so must be actively nurtured. It charts the evolution of the governance institutions that structured key aspects of Somaliland’s recovery between 1991 and 1997, contextualizing their role in ending the violence and in the subsequent maintenance of peace. It emphasizes the contested nature of their emergence and the degree to which their contingency diminishes the notion that there is a “basic set of tools emerging from experience” that can be applied to post-conflict situations. After illustrating the complexity of the rules of the game that were iteratively established over several years and across dozens of the clan-based conferences, the chapter zooms in to examine the government’s institutional capacity to enforce rules that are not directly related to either to violence or civil order: the payment of tax. It argues that the government’s inability to compel people to pay tax has actually helped to produce a limited measure of taxation compliance.

Keywords:   governance institutions, post-conflict situations, institutional capacity, taxes, taxation compliance, peace

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