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The Basque SerorasLocal Religion, Gender, and Power in Northern Iberia, 1550-1800$
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Amanda L. Scott

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747496

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747496.001.0001

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(p.171) Conclusion
The Basque Seroras

Amanda L. Scott

Cornell University Press

This concluding chapter examines how modern seroras serve as living reminders about the historic value of the seroras and their potential for revising people's understanding of the importance of women during the Catholic Reformation. More important, the long history of the seroras demonstrates that Catholic reformers did not operate with blind efficiency and detachment, so focused on a narrow definition of success that they could not consider variability in approach. Indeed, when examined not strictly through synods and decrees but rather through personal interaction, one sees a consistent recognition of the value of women's spirituality in strengthening and promoting the pastoral mission of Tridentine reform. Moreover, these diocesan efforts to include and work with the seroras in their reform program was deliberate and formalized, as evidenced by the copious documentary record produced on the seroras during these centuries. Their rich, if scattered, records also offer significant opportunity to hear the voices of not just a handful of anomalous women but a persistent chorus of thousands of individual women across three centuries. Amplified by their supporters, as well as detractors, the seroras leave a multifaceted testament about how communities experienced reform, and about the central role women played in mediating and helping mold it to local needs.

Keywords:   seroras, women, Catholic Reformation, Catholic reformers, women's spirituality, Tridentine reform, local communities

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