Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Frontier EffectState Formation and Violence in Colombia$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Teo Ballvé

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747533

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747533.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM Cornell University Press SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.cornell.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright University of Cornell University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in Cornell for personal use. date: 28 June 2022

The Masquerades of Grassroots Development

The Masquerades of Grassroots Development

(p.101) 5 The Masquerades of Grassroots Development
The Frontier Effect

Teo Ballvé

Cornell University Press

This chapter dissects how grassroots development initiatives enabled the creation of a vast criminal economy. Paramilitaries' use of grassroots development went beyond simply whitewashing their plunder with fashionable, politically correct development-speak. The discourses, institutions, and practices of grassroots development formed an integral part of the paras' extralegal political economy. In the context of the frontier effect, grassroots development made their economies of violence surprisingly compatible with formal projects of liberal state building. The paramilitaries turned grassroots development into a vehicle both for executing their massive land grabs and for promoting, in their words, the “arrival of the state.” As a strategic assemblage of discourses, practices, and institutional formations, the grassroots development apparatus did more than simply give the paras' economic ventures a veneer of symbolic legitimacy; it also enabled and worked in conjunction with the concrete practices of paramilitary rule. Grassroots development was thus both a means of state building and a way of laundering their violently and illegally accumulated landholdings.

Keywords:   grassroots development, state building, paramilitary landholdings, symbolic legitimacy, criminal economy, extralegal political economy, land grabs

Cornell Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.