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The House of Hemp and Butter – A History of Old Riga - Cornell Scholarship Online
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The House of Hemp and Butter: A History of Old Riga

Kevin C. O'Connor


Founded as an ecclesiastical center, trading hub, and intended capital of a feudal state, Riga was Old Livonia's greatest city and its indispensable port. Because the city was situated in what was initially remote and inhospitable territory, surrounded by pagans and coveted by regional powers like Poland, Sweden, and Muscovy, it was also a fortress encased by a wall. This book begins in the twelfth century with the arrival to the eastern Baltic of German priests, traders, and knights, who conquered and converted the indigenous tribes and assumed mastery over their lands. It ends in 1710 with a ... More

Keywords: Riga, Livonia, fortress, merchants, clerics, craftsmen, builders, porters, day laborers, twelfth century

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9781501747687
Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: May 2020 DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501747687.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kevin C. O'Connor, author
Gonzaga University