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Reputation for ResolveHow Leaders Signal Determination in International Politics$
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Danielle L. Lupton

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747717

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747717.001.0001

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How Contextual Factors Influence Leader-Specific Reputations

How Contextual Factors Influence Leader-Specific Reputations

(p.70) Chapter 3 How Contextual Factors Influence Leader-Specific Reputations
Reputation for Resolve

Danielle L. Lupton

Cornell University Press

This chapter evaluates how key contextual factors and the actions of a new leader's predecessor directly affect assessments of a new leader's resolve. Using another survey experiment, it reveals that only two contextual factors—state reputation and state interest in an issue under dispute—consistently influence leader-specific reputations. The experiment further shows interesting patterns under which these two contextual factors affect leader reputational assessments within the experiment. In particular, it is the state's past actions or communicated interest in an issue under dispute combined with a leader's subsequent statements and behavior that influences leader reputations—echoing the results from the previous chapter. In addition, the experiment demonstrates that perceptions of a new leader's resolve emerge independently of the actions of that leader's predecessor, providing direct evidence to support the underlying assumption of this book's theory that new leaders establish reputations for resolve that are distinct from those of their predecessors and of their states.

Keywords:   political leaders, political resolve, state reputation, state interest, leader-specific reputations, reputational assessments, leader statements, leader behavior

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