This chapter describes how Roger Martin du Gard joined the “National Committee of Writers”—which was created by several prominent French literary figures—near the end of 1942. He would later claim to have played no role other than “to learn afterward what had been done in our name.” But he did, in fact, take risks. At the beginning of February of 1944, the Gestapo arrested Oscar von Wertheimer, a Hungarian Jewish author of historical novels, who had taken refuge in Nice. Local Resistance leaders hid his wife and daughter but needed money to get them away. Without hesitation, Roger sold the manuscript of his Confidence africaine to pay for their escape to a convent near Toulouse. And so he was a target. By the end of April, his friends in the Resistance warned him to leave as soon as possible. Since the beginning of the year, his daughter and her husband had urged him to take refuge in Figeac, and now he agreed. After the war, he continued writing Maumort, but he did not make much progress.
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