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Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada$
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Patricia J. Vittum

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747953

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.001.0001

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Insects and Mites: Turf Association

Insects and Mites: Turf Association

(p.22) 3 Insects and Mites: Turf Association
Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Patricia J. Vittum

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses the habitats of turfgrass insects. Destructive turfgrass insects and mites can be grouped according to the habitat in which the destructive stage of the arthropod spends most of its life in the turfgrass ecosystem. In a great many cases, this is the larval or nymphal stage, but in a few instances the adults are also destructive. There are three turf habitats occupied by turfgrass-damaging insects: leaf and stem; thatch; and root zone/soil. The leaf and stem habitat includes insects and mites that feed on upper leaves and stems. Insects with sucking mouthparts, such as the chinch bugs, tend to prefer the thatch for feeding and hiding sites. Many soil-inhabiting insects also spend significant periods of time in the thatch, particularly at the soil–thatch interface. The scarabaeid grubs dominate this group.

Keywords:   turfgrass insects, turfgrass ecosystem, turf habitats, turfgrass-damaging insects, chinch bugs, soil-inhabiting insects, scarabaeid grubs

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