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Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada$
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Patricia J. Vittum

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747953

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.001.0001

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Orthopteran Pests: Family Gryllotalpidae

Orthopteran Pests: Family Gryllotalpidae

(p.44) 5 Orthopteran Pests: Family Gryllotalpidae
Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Patricia J. Vittum

Cornell University Press

This chapter focuses on Orthopteran pests. The southern mole cricket and the tawny mole cricket are members of the order Orthoptera, family Gryllotalpidae, subfamily Gryllotalpinae. Two genera are listed in this subfamily. The genus Neoscapteriscus can be distinguished by the front tibia with two dactyls; the genus Gryllotalpa has front tibia with four dactyls. The southern mole cricket and the tawny mole cricket are the most destructive insect pests of bahiagrass and bermudagrass turfgrass and pastures in the southeastern United States, and they attack and damage most other warm-season grasses as well. Golf courses are among the areas most heavily affected, but home lawns, athletic fields, and other areas also sustain serious damage.

Keywords:   Orthopteran pests, southern mole cricket, tawny mole cricket, Orthoptera, Gryllotalpidae, Gryllotalpinae, Neoscapteriscus, Gryllotalpa, bahiagrass turfgrass, bermudagrass turfgrass

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