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Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada$
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Patricia J. Vittum

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747953

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.001.0001

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Hemipteran Pests: Suborder Heteroptera

Hemipteran Pests: Suborder Heteroptera

Chapter:
(p.66) 6 Hemipteran Pests: Suborder Heteroptera
Source:
Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada
Author(s):

Patricia J. Vittum

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.003.0006

This chapter looks at Hemipteran pests. Turfgrass-infesting chinch bugs are true bugs in the suborder Heteroptera, family Blissidae, subfamily Blissinae, originally known as the “chinch bug family.” The family Blissidae has about 50 genera and 400 species, fewer than 10 of which are economically important to humans. Four genera are found in North America, including 30 species that attack grasses and sedges, but only the genus Blissus contains serious turfgrass pests. Adult chinch bugs in the family Blissidae are elongate, usually four times as long as broad. Short-winged (brachypterous) and long-winged (macropterous) forms exist in numerous species. The chapter then considers the Blissus chinch bugs, the hairy chinch bug, the southern chinch bug, the western chinch bug, and the common chinch bug.

Keywords:   Hemipteran pests, turfgrass-infecting chinch bugs, Heteroptera, Blissidae, Blissinae, Blissus chinch bugs, hairy chinch bug, southern chinch bug, western chinch bug, common chinch bug

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