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Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada$
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Patricia J. Vittum

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747953

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.001.0001

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Scarabaeid Pests: Subfamily Cetoniinae

Scarabaeid Pests: Subfamily Cetoniinae

(p.186) 13 Scarabaeid Pests: Subfamily Cetoniinae
Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Patricia J. Vittum

Cornell University Press

This chapter discusses the green June beetle, which is a member of the order Coleoptera, family Scarabaeidae, subfamily Cetoniinae. Adults of this subfamily have the epimeron of the mesothorax visible from above. This beetle feeds on ripe, thin-skinned fruits. Another closely related species, C. mutabilis, is called the figeater and is sometimes confused with the green June beetle. Historically, the green June beetle was considered a turfgrass pest of regional importance, but activity of this species has increased on turfgrass throughout the eastern United States. Turf damage by this insect primarily is mechanical rather than being caused by feeding; the large (third-instar) grubs disrupt the soil surface by burrowing in the soil and producing mounds. This activity makes mowing difficult and, by exposing and damaging turf roots, can lead to turf loss caused by desiccation and disease.

Keywords:   green June beetle, Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae, Cetoniinae, figeater, turfgrass pest, turf damage, grubs

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