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Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada$
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Patricia J. Vittum

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747953

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.001.0001

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Dipteran Pests: Families Tipulidae and Chloropidae

Dipteran Pests: Families Tipulidae and Chloropidae

Chapter:
(p.299) 19 Dipteran Pests: Families Tipulidae and Chloropidae
Source:
Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada
Author(s):

Patricia J. Vittum

Publisher:
Cornell University Press
DOI:10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.003.0019

This chapter describes two invasive crane fly species which are pests of turfgrass, particularly in the northwestern and northeastern United States, as well as southern British Columbia and the metropolitan Toronto area in Canada. The European crane fly and the common or marsh crane fly, order Diptera, family Tipulidae, subfamily Tipulinae, have elongated maxillary palpi that distinguish members of this subfamily from other subfamilies. Larvae of invasive crane flies are sometimes called leatherjackets, in part because the pupae are leathery in appearance. Invasive crane flies have a relatively limited distribution in North America, but can cause considerable damage on golf courses, lawns, athletic fields, and sod farms, as well as forage fields and hayfields. The chapter also looks at the frit fly, which belongs to the family Chloropidae.

Keywords:   invasive crane flies, turfgrass pests, European crane fly, common crane fly, Diptera, Tipulidae, leatherjackets, frit fly, Chloropidae

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