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Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada$
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Patricia J. Vittum

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501747953

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501747953.001.0001

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Hymenopteran Pests: Families Sphecidae and Vespidae

Hymenopteran Pests: Families Sphecidae and Vespidae

(p.332) 21 Hymenopteran Pests: Families Sphecidae and Vespidae
Turfgrass Insects of the United States and Canada

Patricia J. Vittum

Cornell University Press

This chapter studies bees and wasps in the families Sphecidae and Vespidae. Many ground-nesting bees and wasps become troublesome pests of turfgrass in much the same way that ants are a pest. Their nesting habits create mounds of soil as they bring subsoil to the surface in making their galleries and nests. One of the more prominent is the cicada killer, a large wasp with unusual habits. It produces major soil surface disruption while burrowing, in part because of its large size. This species is also called the sand hornet or golden digger wasp. Other bees and wasps, such as yellowjackets and hornets, do not damage turf directly but can be a nuisance by virtue of their aggressive behavior and ability to inflict painful stings.

Keywords:   bees, wasps, Sphecidae, Vespidae, turfgrass pests, ground-nesting bees, ground-nesting wasps, cicada killer, yellowjackets

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