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Violating PeaceSex, Aid, and Peacekeeping$
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Jasmine-Kim Westendorf

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781501748059

Published to Cornell Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.7591/cornell/9781501748059.001.0001

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Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Bosnia and Timor-Leste

Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Bosnia and Timor-Leste

(p.55) 2 Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Bosnia and Timor-Leste
Violating Peace

Jasmine-Kim Westendorf

Cornell University Press

This chapter presents the case studies that underpin the analysis of the long-term impacts of sexual exploitation and abuse. It develops a detailed account of the context, nature, and scale of sexual misconduct during peace operations in Bosnia and Timor-Leste, drawing extensively on primary research in the two countries. The behaviors spanned all four types of misconduct and were perpetrated by a variety of uniformed and civilian interveners, including peacekeepers and non-UN personnel associated with the international community's presence in each country. They confirm many of the trends identified in the previous chapter about patterns of perpetration and contributing factors. However, this analysis also demonstrates that the ways in which local communities experience sexual exploitation and abuse is grounded in historical experience, cultural norms, and, in many ways, the particular forms of material deprivation and conflict-related sexual violence experienced, with significant variation between what was considered inappropriate behavior in the two countries.

Keywords:   sexual exploitation, sexual abuse, sexual misconduct, peace operations, Bosnia, Timor-Leste, civilian interveners, peacekeepers, local communities, cultural norms

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